Jurisdictions Where Wholesale CBDC Is Being Explored

There now 17 central banks that are (or recently have been) experimenting with wholesale central bank digital currency (CBDC). Please keep in mind that I only tabulate efforts that are publicly announced by the central banks themselves or other credible sources. Plus, I don’t “double count” countries in currency zones, so I count all Eurozone countries as one, because the European Central Bank is the sole issuer of a potential digital euro, even though individual Eurozone central banks (Banque de France and Oesterreichische Nationalbank) are leading research efforts. But if I’m missing anything, or you find mistakes in the tabulation, please let me know in the comments!

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