The Kiffmeister is a Managing Director at the CBDC Think Tank. Prior to that, from 2005 to 2021, he was a Senior Financial Sector Expert at the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Before that he was at the Bank of Canada for 25 years, where he spent most of his time managing the funding and investment of the government’s foreign exchange reserves, including running its interest rate and currency swap book. At the IMF he was part of the team that produces the semi-annual Global Financial Stability Report. More recently he has been focusing on fintech issues, digital currencies, OTC derivative market infrastructure, and longevity risk transfer markets.