Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221003)

Tether Increases US Treasury Portfolio, Cuts Commercial Paper Holdings to Below $50M

Tether has cut its commercial paper holding to less than $50 million, as of September 30, and increased its holding of U.S. Treasuries to 58.1% of its total portfolio from 43.5% of its total portfolio as of June 30, according to a Tweet by its Chief Technology Officer, Paolo Ardoino. [Read more at CoinDesk]

Bigtech regulation: in search of a new framework

The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) published a paper on two potential Bigtech regulatory models. The first is segregation, which is a structural approach that seeks to minimize risks arising from group interdependencies between financial and non-financial activities by imposing specific ring-fencing rules. The second is inclusion, that creates a new regulatory category for Bigtech groups with significant financial activities. The paper concludes that the inclusion approach provides for a more tailored option to address specific risks associated with Bigtech business models. [Read more at the BIS]

Tickets available for CBDC Think Tank masterclass

The CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with the IMF and George Washington University, is hosting a full-day in-person CBDC Masterclass on October 12 in Washington DC for “official sector” staff and academics active in the CBDC / digital currency space only. The sessions are designed as instructional deep dives with full presentations and Q&A components.  Tickets are $99. [Register here]

Also, the CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with Georgetown University and the DC FinTech Week, is hosting a FREE (also in-person) Digital Currency Lecture Series, a set of digital currency lightning talks delivered by subject matter experts, on October 14 in Washington DC. [Request an invite here]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20220926)

Australian CBDC Pilot for Digital Finance Innovation

The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) and the Digital Finance Cooperative Research Centre (DFCRC) published a white paper that explains in detail the objectives and approach of their eAUD central bank digital currency (CBDC) project. They also invited interested industry participants to make submissions on CBDC use cases, and offered participants the chance to express interest in operating their use case in a pilot (or proof of concept?) project to test and demonstrate the value proposition. The DFCRC will develop and install the eAUD platform as a private, permissioned Ethereum (Quorum) implementation, and the eAUD ledger will operate as a centralised platform, under the management and oversight of the RBA. [Read more at the RBA]

Nomura invests in Fnality institutional blockchain payments platform

Nomura is investing in Fnality, the interbank payment and settlement platform that uses “synthetic” wholesale CBDC to settle transactions on distributed ledger technology (DLT) based financial market infrastructures (FMIs). (A “synthetic CBDC” is essentially a stablecoin backed by central bank deposits.) Fnality reportedly says it will launch its first such synthetic CBDC in October 2022, pegged to the British Pound (GBP) and backed by deposits at the Bank of England. [Read more at Ledger Insights]

Demystifying wholesale central bank digital currency

According to European Central Bank (ECB) executive board member Fabio Panetta, the ECB is looking at the potential of DLT in improving the efficiency of interbank settlements. However, after listing the many benefits of DLT, Panetta highlighted some drawbacks, and made a case for a system that builds on the ECB’s existing infrastructure for wholesale settlements, instead of building a new one based entirely on DLT. [Read more at the ECB]

DTCC’s DLT stock settlement system live in parallel production

In August the Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation (DTCC) DLT-based Project Ion platform for stock settlement went into production. The R3 Corda-based platform runs in parallel with the DTC’s classic settlement system, which remains the definitive record. At this stage, Project Ion is designed to only deal with bilateral equity transactions but is already processing an average of 100,000 transactions per day. [Read more at DTCC]

Tickets available for CBDC Think Tank masterclass

The CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with the IMF and George Washington University, is hosting a full-day in-person CBDC Masterclass on October 12 in Washington DC for “official sector” staff and academics active in the CBDC / digital currency space only. The sessions are designed as instructional deep dives with full presentations and Q&A components.  Tickets are $99. [Register here]

Also, the CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with Georgetown University and the DC FinTech Week, is hosting a FREE (also in-person) Digital Currency Lecture Series, a set of digital currency lightning talks delivered by subject matter experts, on October 14 in Washington DC. [Request an invite here]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20220925)

I’ve updated my tabulation of retail central bank digital currency (CBDC) explorers; just minor updates and link repairs. [Click here]

How the US can regulate stablecoins now without congressional action

The Brookings Institution published a paper that proposes a US federal framework for the issuance of stablecoins within the existing regulatory framework for insured depository institutions, a structure that would not require any new legislation. Under current law, the Comptroller of the Currency could authorize a national trust bank charter, organized as an operating subsidiary of an insured depository institution, to create stablecoins through the use of a dedicated trust vehicle. The Comptroller would adopt standards limiting the investment of stablecoin reserves to high quality liquid assets and address redemptions and operational resilience, among other matters. The proposed framework guarantees that holders of a failed stablecoin are paid out rapidly and in full, because it uses the same resolution process by which failed banks are wound up. [Read more at Brookings]

Financial Inclusion and Central Bank Digital Currency in The Bahamas

The Central Bank of the Bahamas (CBOB) published a paper that attempts to assess the introduction of CBDC in the Bahamas. It uses a theoretical model that assumes that CBDC will lead to a decrease in the number of unbanked. As these individuals acquire access to financial institutions, the fraction of hand-to-mouth agents in the economy falls. If the number of unbanked individuals is cut in half, the economic benefits include: a reduction in the volatility of all shocks; monetary policy is more effective at controlling inflation and contributes less to the volatility of the overall economy; fiscal policy becomes more Ricardian, mitigating the size of fiscal shocks. [Read more at the CBOB]

Privacy and Central Bank Digital Currency in the Digital Economy

A paper written by European Central Bank staff studies how the choice of payment instruments affects privacy and welfare in the digital economy. Cash allows merchants to preserve their anonymity but cannot be used for online transactions that generate higher sales. Bank deposits can be used online but do not preserve anonymity. Payment tokens issued by digital platforms allow merchants to hide from the bank but also enable platforms to stifle competition. However, a CBDC that allows agents to share their payment data with selected parties can overcome all frictions and achieve efficient allocation. [Read more at SUERF]

Tickets available for CBDC Think Tank masterclass

The CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with the IMF and George Washington University, is hosting a full-day in-person CBDC Masterclass on October 12 in Washington DC for “official sector” staff and academics active in the CBDC / digital currency space only. The sessions are designed as instructional deep dives with full presentations and Q&A components.  Tickets are $99. [Register here]

Also, the CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with Georgetown University and the DC FinTech Week, is hosting a FREE (also in-person) Digital Currency Lecture Series, a set of digital currency lightning talks delivered by subject matter experts, on October 14 in Washington DC. [Request an invite here]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20220921)

Iran to start testing a digital rial this week

The Central Bank of Iran (CBI) will reportedly start a central bank digital currency (CBDC) pilot on September 22, 2022. The bank published a draft document outlining the “goals, dimensions, threats and opportunities for the development” of a digital rial in August 2022. The CBI’s current head, Ali Salehabadi, said earlier this month that the bank had the necessary infrastructure and rules in place for a launch. [Read more at Coindesk]

House stablecoin bill would put two-year ban on Terra-like coins

Legislation to regulate stablecoins being drafted in the U.S. House of Representatives would place a two-year ban on coins similar to TerraUSD, the algorithmic stablecoin that collapsed earlier this year. It would be illegal to issue or create new “endogenously collateralized stablecoins.” The definition would kick in for stablecoins marketed as being able to be converted, redeemed or repurchased for a fixed amount of monetary value, and that rely solely on the value of another digital asset from the same creator to maintain their fixed price. [Read more at Bloomberg]

US Treasury seeks public input on illicit finance, national security risks posed by digital assets

The U.S. Department of the Treasury filed a Request for Comment (RFC) to seek feedback from the American people on the illicit finance and national security risks posed by digital assets. The filing is pursuant to President Joe Biden’s recent Ensuring Responsible Development of Digital Assets Executive Order, and the subsequent Treasury Department Illicit Finance Action Plan. [Read more at the U.S. Treasury]

Nasdaq establishes new digital assets business

Nasdaq is launching “Nasdaq Digital Assets” which “will initially develop an advanced custody solution that will incorporate liquidity and execution services to address industry challenges around connectivity, availability, and efficiency. Nasdaq’s custody solution will bring together attributes of hot and cold crypto wallets which will provide a high degree of accessibility and scalability without compromising security. [Read more at NASDAQ]

Tickets available for CBDC Think Tank masterclass

The CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with the IMF and George Washington University, is hosting a full-day in-person CBDC Masterclass on October 12 in Washington DC for “official sector” staff and academics active in the CBDC / digital currency space only. The sessions are designed as instructional deep dives with full presentations and Q&A components.  Tickets are $99. [Register here]

Also, the CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with Georgetown University and the DC FinTech Week, is hosting a FREE (also in-person) Digital Currency Lecture Series, a set of digital currency lightning talks delivered by subject matter experts, on October 14 in Washington DC. [Request an invite here]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20220919)

After all this effort, crypto-assets are just tech stocks

Bloomberg’s Joe Weisenthal makes the same point I’ve been making for many months. “Basically [crypto-assets are] just tech stocks. Not only are the coins trading in line with each other still, they’re still basically trading in line with the Nasdaq 100… What does this all mean? One possibility is that the marginal crypto-asset buyers just doesn’t care about any of this stuff. Proof-of-work? Proof-of-stake? The merge? Inflation hedging? The halving? Deflationary monetary policy? What’s all that stuff? In other words, it’s possible that there’s a small coterie of people paying attention to any of this. And that what’s really driving price is just the animal spirits of a much larger group of speculators, who are also moving the price of Zoom or Tesla or Meta or whatever else. [Read more on Twitter]

Are interest rate swaps the next frontier of decentralized finance?

Decentralized finance (DeFi) is expanding into the world of interest rate swaps (IRS), a derivative instrument for exchanging fixed and variable interest rates. DeFi firm Voltz Labs has launched a non-custodial automated market making (AMM) IRS trading platform based on the Aave and Compound DeFi USDT, USDCDAI and ETH lending markets. However, IRS AMMs are challenged by DeFi markets’ lack of fixed-rate products off which to price swaps. (Traditional markets offer variable- and fixed-rate products off which to arbitrage each other.)  [Read more about the Voltz protocol here]

New data on the e-levy in Ghana: unpopular tax on mobile money transfers is hitting the poor hardest

Ghana introduced a 1.5% tax (“E-levy”) on mobile money transactions in May 2022, in a country where 40% of the population aged 15 and above use mobile money platforms. It has been justified as a way to reduce aid dependence, and to capture informal economy workers. An International Centre for Tax and Development (ICTD) paper finds that the overall effect of the E-levy is highly regressive with users in the bottom income quintile paying the largest share as a proportion of their income, especially home-based informal workers. However, a 100 cedi/day (equivalent to about $10/day) taxation threshold has provided some relief. [Read more at the ICTD]

 

Tickets available for CBDC Think Tank masterclass

The CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with the IMF and George Washington University, is hosting a full-day in-person CBDC Masterclass on October 12 in Washington DC for “official sector” staff and academics active in the CBDC / digital currency space only. The sessions are designed as instructional deep dives with full presentations and Q&A components.  Tickets are $99. [Register here]

Also, the CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with Georgetown University and the DC FinTech Week, is hosting a FREE (also in-person) Digital Currency Lecture Series, a set of digital currency lightning talks delivered by subject matter experts, on October 14 in Washington DC. [Request an invite here]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20220907)

Russia’s Finance Ministry is working on stablecoin platforms to avoid cross-border dollar settlement

Russia’s finance ministry is reportedly looking to stablecoins to avoid international payment rails denominated in the U.S. dollar and euro. “The stablecoins can be tied to some generally accepted instrument like, for example, gold, whose value is understood and appreciable for all parties… It will require additional regulation, and the ministry is only considering approaches to it, there are no ready-made solutions.” [Read more at Tass]

Exiles Put Crypto, Fed Funds at Center of Myanmar Finance Plan

Myanmar exiles ousted in a 2021 coup are pressing the US Federal Reserve to endorse their bid to use $1 billion in funds frozen by the US to back a digital currency and a plan to establish a new central bank. If the exiles can get US support, they would then seek to establish a new central bank that could issue the digital currency to help support the opposition’s “revolutionary efforts.” [Read more at Bloomberg]

Ethereum’s Bellatrix upgrade now live despite concerns

The Bellatrix upgrade preparing Ethereum for the Merge was successfully completed on September 6, 2022. This upgrade brought Ethereum’s consensus layer, the Beacon Chain, into a ready state for the Merge which is slated to occur around September 15 once the final (“Paris”) upgrade goes live. Some concerns were raised over an almost one in ten missed block rate across the last 600 slots. This could be due to some validators being not fully upgraded to the latest software, which could leave them unable participate in the post-merge proof-of-stake network. [Read more on Decrypt]

Liquidity bridges across central banks for cross-border payments

The Committee on Payments and Market Infrastructures (CPMI) published a report  on central bank liquidity bridges –  short-term intraday liquidity arrangement set up between two or more central banks. In a liquidity bridge, collateral held by a payment service provider (PSP) with one central bank can be used by a PSP’s related entity in another jurisdiction to get intraday liquidity from that other central bank. Liquidity bridges may help reduce credit and settlement risks to PSPs arising from FX transactions and reduce intraday settlement risk across borders. [Read more at the CPMI]

Discounted tickets available for CBDC Think Tank masterclass

The CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with the IMF and George Washington University, is hosting a full-day in-person CBDC Masterclass on October 12 in Washington DC for “official sector” staff only. The sessions are designed as instructional deep dives with full presentations and Q&A components.  Ticket prices start at $99 and you can save 30% by entering KIFFMEISTER where the registration page asks for a discount code. [Register here]

Also, the CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with Georgetown University and the DC FinTech Week, is hosting a FREE (also in-person) Digital Currency Lecture Series, a set of digital currency lightning talks delivered by subject matter experts, on October 14 in Washington DC. [Request an invite here]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20220906)

RBI in talks with 4 banks, fintechs for CBDC launch this financial year

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is reportedly in talks with fintech companies and state-controlled banks about a trial run of a central bank digital currency (CBDC) with a possible rollout by the end of the fiscal year ending March 31, 2023. The list of fintechs that the RBI is consulting include US-based FIS, plus four state-run banks to run a pilot CBDC project (State Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, Union Bank of India and Bank of Baroda). [Read more at MoneyControl]

Binance, Issuer of 3rd Biggest Stablecoin, to Stop Supporting Larger Rival USDC

Binance effectively banished USD Coin (USDC), the second-biggest stablecoin, from trading at its cryptocurrency exchange in favor of its own competing product. On September 29, customers’ holdings of USDC will be converted to Binance USD (BUSD). The same will happen with two smaller stablecoins: Pax Dollar (USDP) and TrueUSD (TUSD).  The action effectively removes USDC as a tradable asset on one of the most prominent perches in crypto, and creates a headache for Circle Internet Financial, USDC’s issuer, as the company mulls an IPO. [Read more at Binance]

Bitcoin S&P 500 Correlation: Be Careful What You Wish For

Here’s an interesting observation from Caitlin Long. The correlation between Bitcoin and the S&P 500 bounced around zero for years, but hasn’t been negative since 2020, and now it’s fluctuating around 50% (see below). Caitlin attributes this to hedge funds buying leverage on, and correlation with, them, and Bitcoin trading markets have paid a big price for the liquidity they brought. I would argue that it’s an instance of “be careful what you wish for” with respect to the “institutionalization” and popularization of crypt. Crypto is just another “risk-on/risk-off” asset class.

 

Discounted tickets available for CBDC Think Tank masterclass

The CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with the IMF and George Washington University, is hosting a full-day in-person CBDC Masterclass on October 12 in Washington DC for “official sector” staff. The sessions are designed as instructional deep dives with full presentations and Q&A components.  Ticket prices start at $99 and you can save 30% by entering KIFFMEISTER where the registration page asks for a discount code. [Register here]

Also, the CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with Georgetown University and the DC FinTech Week, is hosting a FREE Digital Currency Lecture Series, a set of digital currency lightning talks delivered by subject matter experts, on October 14 in Washington DC. [Request an invite here]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20220819)

Nigerians to access eNaira through USSD
The Central Bank of Nigeria Governor, Godwin Emefiele, has said that Nigerians will be able to transact on eNaira central bank digital currency (CBDC) wallets through the Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD) code on mobile phones. Nigerians will only have to dial *997# from their phones to carry out transactions on their phones. [Read more at PunchNG.com] The Governor also reported that the eNaira has been used to carry out transactions worth 4 billion naira ($9.3 million) since it was introduced last October, and there are now about 270,000 active wallets. [Read more at CoinDesk]

New Auditor for Stablecoin Issuer Tether Confirms Slashing of Commercial Paper Holdings

BDO Italia has reaffirmed stablecoin issuer Tether’s consolidated reserves report that showed a 58% quarterly decline in commercial paper holdings to $8.5 billion as of June 30. Tether also confirmed its expectation that commercial papers will be down to $200 million by the end of August and zero before the end of the year. [Read more at CoinDesk]

Huobi explains what went wrong with HUSD after stablecoin is back on track

The fully reserve-backed HUSD stablecoin lost its peg on August 18, 2022, trading as low as $0.82, although it regained the $1.00 peg the next day. According to the HUSD team, the depeg was caused by a decision to close market maker accounts in some regions to comply with regulations. The time difference in banking hours had created a gap that led to a liquidity problem, leading to HUSD falling from its peg. [Read more on CoinTelegraph]

Guaranteeing freedom of payment choice: access to cash in the euro area

The European Central Bank (ECB) published a paper about the Eurosystem’s commitment to the principle that every individual in the euro area should be able to decide how to make day-to-day payments, regardless of their individual payment preference, geographical location or technological savviness. On the basis of the ECB’s most recent data, despite the gradual decline in cash transactions, cash is the most popular payment instrument among euro area citizens for day-to-day transactions at the point of sale or person-to-person payments. In addition, cash is used for savings and liquidity, especially in times of crisis or uncertainty. [Read more at the ECB]

E-Money tokens, tokenised money-market shares, and tokenised bank deposits

VOXEU/CEPR published a column that introduces the available stablecoins and discusses the possible impact of the forthcoming Markets in Crypto-Assets regulation by the European Commission on e-money issuers. The authors argue that the regulation may spur regulatory arbitrage in Europe and lead commercial banks to offer tokenised deposits on the decentralised ledger of a public blockchain. [Read more at VOXEU/CEPR]

Discounted tickets available for CBDC Think Tank masterclass

The CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with the International Monetary Fund and George Washington University, is hosting a full-day in-person CBDC Masterclass on October 12 in Washington DC. The sessions are designed as instructional deep dives with full presentations and Q&A components.  Ticket prices are as low as $199 and you can save 30% by entering KIFFMEISTER where the registration page asks for a discount code. [Register here]

Also, the CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with Georgetown University and the DC FinTech Week, is hosting a FREE Digital Currency Lecture Series, a set of digital currency lightning talks delivered by subject matter experts, on October 14 in Washington DC. [Request an invite here]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20220818)

Colombia planning to launch digital currency to curb tax evasion

The Colombian government is reportedly planning to launch a digital currency to curb tax evasion and enhance the traceability of citizens’ transactions, according to Luis Carlos Reyes, head of Dirección de Impuestos y Aduanas Nacionales (DIAN), the country’s tax authority. Some news services are reporting this to be central bank digital currency (#CBDC) but no mention of central bank involvement has been made yet, so for now it looks more like a #GovCoin. [Read more at SEMANA]

Tether Swaps Accounting Firms, Says It Will Publish Monthly Attestation on Stablecoin Backing

Tether began working with BDO Italia, a top five ranked global independent public accounting firm, in July 2022 for its quarterly attestations. With this alignment, Tether will also focus on moving towards releasing attestations of the reserves backing its USDT stablecoin from a quarterly basis to monthly reports. [Read more at Tether]

Discounted tickets available for CBDC Think Tank masterclass

The CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with the International Monetary Fund and George Washington University, is hosting a full-day in-person CBDC Masterclass on October 12 in Washington DC. The sessions are designed as instructional deep dives with full presentations and Q&A components.  Ticket prices are as low as $199 and you can save 30% by entering KIFFMEISTER where the registration page asks for a discount code. [Register here]

Also, the CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with Georgetown University and the DC FinTech Week, is hosting a FREE Digital Currency Lecture Series, a set of digital currency lightning talks delivered by subject matter experts, on October 14 in Washington DC. [Request an invite here]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20220814)

I’ve updated my tabulation of *retail* central bank digital currency (#CBDC) explorers, mostly for broken link updates. [See it here]

Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe ‘Developed a Roadmap for Adoption of CBDC

The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe has developed a roadmap for “adoption” of CBDC in Zimbabwe, according to its August 11, 2022 Mid-Term Monetary Policy Statement. The next step will be imminent the publication of a consultation paper aimed at “fostering a broad and transparent public dialogue regarding the potential benefits and risks of CBDC.” [Read more at the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe]

Stablecoins in Three Dimensions: Foundations of Value in the Crypto-economy

This paper identifies three main components of any stablecoin, the peg, token and backing or reserve, that can be interpreted as three dimensions of (exchange) value fulfilled by the three functions of money: a unit of account, means of exchange, and store of value. By doing so, the stablecoin concept is not be characterized as a separate and self-contained asset class, but rather as an overarching and general meta-category from which a multitude of other classes and types of crypto-assets can be derived. By noting that different types of money and financial assets emerge from the different ways in which the three functions of money interact, the paper identifies five main cases from the various ways in which peg, token, and reserve are recombined. Various types of traditional financial assets belonging to each of these five cases and discusses how the various types of crypto-assets (and stablecoins) are identified and mapped into each of them. [Read more at SSRN]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Upcoming events I’m affiliated with:

The CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with the International Monetary Fund and George Washington University, is hosting a full-day in-person CBDC Masterclass on October 12 in Washington DC. The sessions are designed as instructional deep dives with full presentations and Q&A components.  [Register here]

The CBDC Think Tank, in partnership with Georgetown University and the DC FinTech Week, is hosting a Digital Currency Lecture Series, a set of digital currency lightning talks delivered by subject matter experts, on October 14 in Washington DC. [Request an invite here]