Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221230)

Former Chinese central banker says digital yuan ‘usage has been low’

Xie Ping, a former People’s Bank of China (PBOC) research director, made critical public comments about China’s central bank digital currency (CBDC) at a recent university conference. After launching in 2020, e-CNY transactions hit $88 billion yuan ($12 billion) at the end of 2021, after which growth slowed down significantly, only crossing the $100 billion yuan threshold at the end of August 2022. Ping said existing digital retail payment platforms such as AliPay and WeChat Pay “have formed a payment market structure that have met needs for daily consumption”. Hence,  the e-CNY use case needs to expand from its current use as a cash substitute and opened to other uses such as the ability to pay for financial products or connected to more payment platforms to boost adoption. [Read more at Caixin]

2nd Edition of DC³ Conference – From Cryptocurrencies to Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs)

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) will hold (virtually) the second edition of its DC3 Conference – From Cryptocurrencies to Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs)​ from January 24 to 27 2023. On January 27 I will be moderating two panels on offline central bank digital currency (CBDC). Also, on January 24, Jacques Francouer and I will be providing an update to our ITU Digital Currency Global Initiative digital currency ontology work. [For more event detail go to the ITU DC3 conference site]

Kiffmeister’s global central bank digital currency monthly monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221229)

Turkish central bank Digital Lira project update

The Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey (CBRT) provided an update on the proof-of-concept phase of its Digital Turkish Lira Project. Payment transactions were successfully executed on the Digital Turkish Lira Network, and in the first quarter of 2023, closed-circuit tests will be carried out with technology stakeholders. The findings obtained from the tests will be shared with the public in a comprehensive evaluation report. The tests will then be expanded later in 2023 to include selected banks and financial technology companies, followed by broad participation pilot tests. Tests will include checking out how distributed ledger technology (DLT) based platforms will integrate with existing payment ecosystems. Also, throughout 2023, priority will be given to the legal framework and building out digital identification infrastructure. [Read more at the CBRT]

Bank of Canada 2021 Methods-of-Payment Survey Report

The Bank of Canada published the results from the 2021 Methods-of-Payment (MOP) Survey. It finds that while fewer Canadians are holding cash, those who do have cash tended to hold higher amounts over time. This is associated with fewer trips to obtain cash, but larger amounts withdrawn for a given trip, on average. Views about the features of cash have changed somewhat in recent years, though cash is still viewed quite positively in terms of acceptance, cost, ease of use and security. Most Canadians have no plans to stop using cash in the future. [Read more at the Bank of Canada]

2nd Edition of DC³ Conference – From Cryptocurrencies to Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs)

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) will hold (virtually) the second edition of its DC3 Conference – From Cryptocurrencies to Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs)​ from January 24 to 27 2023. On January 27 I will be moderating two panels on offline central bank digital currency (CBDC). Also, on January 24, Jacques Francouer and I will be providing an update to our ITU Digital Currency Global Initiative digital currency ontology work. [For more event detail go to the ITU DC3 conference site]

Kiffmeister’s global central bank digital currency monthly monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221228)

e-CNY wallet borrows Alipay and WeChat Pay’s electronic red packet feature to woo users

As part of its e-CNY central bank digital currency (CBDC) pilot, the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) has reportedly launched a “hongbao” red packet feature, that allows users to send each other digital yuan-filled red packets. This comes just a month ahead of the Lunar New Year, when the Chinese traditionally give out red envelopes filled with cash to family and friends as a symbol of well wishes. The e-CNY app has been available in limited trials since 2020, but it continues to be an uphill battle to convince the Chinese public to use it. Digital yuan transactions hit $88 billion yuan ($12 billion) at the end of 2021, crossed the $100 billion yuan threshold at the end of August 2022. [Read more at the South China Morning Post]

Leverage and Stablecoin Pegs

The National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) published a paper that shows how stablecoins can maintain a constant price even though they face run risk and pay no interest. Stablecoin holders are indirectly compensated for stablecoin run risk because they can lend the coins to levered traders. Levered traders are willing to pay a premium to borrow stablecoins when speculative demand is strong. Therefore, the stablecoin can support a $1 peg even with higher levels of run risk. However, when speculative demand falls, stablecoin issuers can keep their debt trading at par only by moving to a safer portfolio or allowing redemptions. Such reallocation or change in stablecoin supply can cause disruptions in the real economy. Stablecoin issuers will need to adjust quickly if expected returns for cryptocurrencies fall; otherwise, they face the risk of collapse. These adjustments can cause disruptions in the markets they invest in, like the commercial paper market that provides financing to the real economy. [Download the paper at the NBER]

The Financial Inclusion Trilemma

A paper by Adam Levitin argues that financial inclusion presents a policy trilemma. between the three goals of widespread availability of services to low-income consumers; fair terms of service; and profitability of service. It is possible to provide fair and profitable services, but only to a small, cherry-picked population of low-income consumers. Conversely, it is possible to provide profitable service to a large population, but only on exploitative terms. Or it is possible to provide fair services to a large population, but not at a profit. The paper argues for giving more serious consideration to a menu of stronger regulatory interventions: hard service mandates that impose cross-subsidization among consumers; taxpayer subsidies; and public provision of financial services, including the adoption of a mandate for the provision of free or low-cost basic banking services to all qualified applicants. [Read more at SSRN]

2nd Edition of DC³ Conference – From Cryptocurrencies to Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs)

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) will hold (virtually) the second edition of its DC3 Conference – From Cryptocurrencies to Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs)​ from January 24 to 27 2023. On January 27 I will be moderating two panels on offline central bank digital currency (CBDC). Also, on January 24, Jacques Francouer and I will be providing an update to our ITU Digital Currency Global Initiative digital currency ontology work. [For more event detail go to the ITU DC3 conference site]

Kiffmeister’s global central bank digital currency monthly monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221227)

IMF suggests extensive digital currency pilots for Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is recommending several phases and “extensive” pilot projects for the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) wholesale central bank digital currency (CBDC) especially in cybersecurity issues, laws and regulations that will cover implementation. A wholesale CBDC is being considered in the Philippines as a possible means to enhance existing payment and settlement functions. While the BSP charter, amended in 2019, does allow for the issuance of wholesale CBDC, the regulatory framework “may need to be revisited to ensure governance and financial stability risks are addressed.” [Read more at the IMF]

Palau continues to work with Ripple to explore the creation of national stablecoin

President Surangel Whipps Jr. reportedly confirmed that the Republic of Palau continues to work with Ripple on the creation of a government-issued US dollar-backed stablecoin (the US dollar is Palau’s national currency). Last year Ripple announced a partnership with Palau to explore a national digital currency and its use cases based on XRP Ledger, initially focusing on cross-border payments. [Read more at Bizzabo.com]

2nd Edition of DC³ Conference – From Cryptocurrencies to Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs)

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) will hold (virtually) the second edition of its DC3 Conference – From Cryptocurrencies to Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs)​ from January 24 to 27 2023. On January 27 I will be moderating two panels on offline central bank digital currency (CBDC). Also, on January 24, Jacques Francouer and I will be providing an update to our ITU Digital Currency Global Initiative digital currency ontology work. [For more event detail go to the ITU DC3 conference site]

Kiffmeister’s global central bank digital currency monthly monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221223)

Boston Fed, MIT complete research project into feasibility of a central bank digital currency

A joint research effort between the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) into the technical feasibility of a potential central bank digital currency (CBDC) is now complete. Early this year, Project Hamilton published its research on a transaction processor for a theoretical high-performance and resilient CBDC. The processor was developed as open-source research software, called OpenCBDC, and project leaders urged global contributors to continue working on it. The project was announced in 2020, and in February 2022, the Boston Fed and MIT released the OpenCBDC software and a whitepaper describing their initial findings. They plan to release additional retrospectives on Project Hamilton’s findings in the coming months. [Read more at the Boston Fed]

Nigerian central bank increases cash withdrawal limits after receiving “feedback from stakeholders”

Starting on January 9, 2023, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) will allow individual banking clients to withdraw an equivalent of N500,000 ($1,120) per week (up from the N100,000 ($224) cap introduced on December 6, 2022). For corporate organizations, the cash withdrawal will be capped at N5,000,000 ($22,200 up from N500,000 ($1,120)). Also, the fees for cash withdrawals above the limits, in “compelling circumstances… for legitimate purposes”, were reduced to 3% and 5% respectively (down from 5% and 10%). However, the daily limit on withdrawals from automatic teller machines (ATMs) and point-of-sale (PoS) terminals will remain at N20,000 ($45). [Read more at the CBN]

Ripple CEO Brad Garlinghouse Says $3,700,000,000 Wells Fargo Violation Overshadowed by FTX

Ripple Labs CEO Brad Garlinghouse says that most people are obsessing over recent debacles in the crypto industry while ignoring what’s going on in the traditional finance world. “The world is (appropriately) outraged by SBF and FTX’s fraud, but when Wells Fargo mismanages billions in customer funds as well, it’s barely a blip on the radar. Food for thought…” Wells Fargo agreed to a $3.7 billion settlement with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau over customer abuses tied to mortgages, auto loans and overdraft fees. [Read more at the Daily Hodl]

Kiffmeister’s global central bank digital currency monthly monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221221)

ECB publishes second progress report on the digital euro investigation phase

The European Central Bank (ECB) published the second progress report on the investigation phase of a digital euro. It outlines the developments made since the first progress report, which was published in September 2022. The report details a second set of design and distribution options that were recently endorsed by the Governing Council and describes the roles of the Eurosystem and supervised intermediaries in the digital euro ecosystem. In 2023 the ECB will further assess a number of design and distribution options and in the second half of the year present the overall design of a digital euro to the Governing Council. [Read more at the ECB]

Report on results of the second phase of the Digital Tenge Pilot Project

The National Bank of Kazakhstan (NBK) and the Payment and Financial Technology Development Center of the Bank of Kazakhstan published the English version of their report on the second phase of their digital tenge central bank digital currency (CBDC) feasibility study.The second phase was comprised primarily of proof-of-concept work involving select financial institutions, merchants and final users. The report calls it a “pilot” but is silent on who the selected final users were. If they were central bank employees, it is a proof-of-concept by most CBDC exploration workflow taxonomies, but if users were selected from the general public, then it’s a pilot. In any case, the report recommends a phased rollout starting in 2023 with a gradual expansion of its functionality and step-by-step introduction into production scale by the end of 2025. [Download the report at the NBK]

The Bank of England seeking to bring systemic stablecoins into its regulatory remit

The Bank of England published its supervision of financial market infrastructures 2022 Annual Report. It reports that the Financial Services & Markets Bill, published in July 2022 and scheduled to complete in 2023 seeks to bring systemic stablecoins into the Bank’s regulatory remit, and bring the UK regime in line with standards discussed. The Bank is now working on a regulatory framework for systemic stablecoins and plans to consult on this in due course. Alongside regulation, another key component of a stablecoin regime is the potential application of the FMI Special Administrative Regime to systemic stablecoin firms. The Bank, working with His Majesty’s Treasury, will continue to develop this regime to ensure it reflects international CPMI-IOSCO guidance. [Read more at the Bank of England]

What’s Next for Bitcoin Lightning?

In the last part of its series on the Lightning Network, etonec takes a look at the status quo of the network in charts, statistics, and visualizations using publicly available data. What started as an interconnection of a few nodes has evolved from a small network to a global network for value exchange. An increasing number of Lightning Nodes are being put into operation, which are better connected with one-another every day through payment channels. Away from hobbyists and early adopters, the first companies are latching onto the network – whether from the user side or the infrastructure side. [Read more at etonec]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221220)

Visa proposes account abstraction for recurring auto payments

Visa published a paper that outlines how to write a smart contract application for a self-custodial wallet that could allow a user to setup a programmable payment instruction that can push funds automatically from one self-custodial wallet account to another at recurring intervals, without requiring the user’s active participation each time.  This solution taps into a concept known as “Account Abstraction” (AA), a developer proposal currently being explored within the Ethereum ecosystem. The idea behind AA is to make user accounts on Ethereum function more like smart contracts by allowing a user to have programmable features embedded into their wallets. [Read more at Visa]

Currently, there are two types of accounts on the Ethereum network: Externally Owned Accounts (EOA), controlled by a private key, and Contract Accounts (CA), which are essentially smart contracts. EOAs can initiate transactions, but CA’s cannot. However, by using AA, it is possible to create a smart contract that can initiate transactions on behalf of an EOA, enabling the creation of a self-custodial wallet that can make automatic recurring payments. AA combines user accounts and smart contracts into a single type of account on the Ethereum blockchain. This is possible by allowing for the creation of validity rules for individual transactions. [Read more at Coin Desk]

Towards legal interoperability of retail CBDCs: a comparative law perspective

The European Central Bank (ECB) published a collection of papers presented at the September 5-6, 2022 European System of Central Banks (ESCB) Legal Conference, including three on the legal aspects of central bank digital currency (CBDC) interoperability. A paper by Jess Cheng and Joseph Torregrossa discusses the concept of “legal interoperability” in the domestic payment system and its relevance to the retail CBDC context, particularly as the necessary legal foundation for transferability and convertibility. The second by Panagiotis Papapaschalis makes the case for exposing and overcoming technical and legal obstacles to interoperability ex-ante and early on, rather than trying to tackle them ex post, i.e. only when the various, diverging, CBDCs have gained momentum. The third paper, by Seraina Grünewald, focuses particularly on the prospects and challenges for the legal interoperability of a digital euro. [Read more at the ECB]

ECB finds strong demand for both cash and digital payments

Cash is still the most frequently used means of payment at the point of sale, but its share is declining according to the latest study on the payment attitudes of consumers in the euro area, published by the ECB. Cash was used for 59% of point-of-sale transactions in 2022, down from 72% in 2019. It is the means of payment most often used for small-value payments in stores and for person-to-person transactions. A majority (60%) also consider it important to have cash as a payment option. Consumers perceive cash as helpful to remain aware of their expenditures, to protect their privacy and to allow transactions to be settled immediately. [Read more at the ECB]

UAE to launch instant payment platform in 2023

In the first quarter of 2023, the Central Bank of the United Arab Emirates (CBUAE) will start phasing in an Instant Payment Platform with a pilot group of licensed financial institutions. The initiative will enable payments processing and fund transfers in the UAE both around the clock and in real time. The new platform will enable the provision of the next generation of payment services to UAE financial institutions and consumers. [Read more at the CBUAE]

Crunchfish ready to start Digital Cash pilot with Indian banks

Crunchfish in partnership with HDFC Bank and one additional Indian bank have been working together to develop a solution for offline retail payments that will be demonstrated in a pilot to Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in their Regulatory Sandbox program. The project, if successful, will provide the basis for RBI’s guidance and regulatory support in providing offline retail payments, based on Crunchfish Digital Cash platform, to the payment ecosystem of India. [Read more at Crunchfish]

Five ways you can use Bitcoin Lightning today

etonec continued its series of articles on the Lightning Network and Bitcoin Lightning. In the latest article, it focuses on payments in retail, hospitality, e-commerce, as well as donations, cross-border payments, streaming payments, and financial inclusion. The advantages of payments via the Lightning Network are primarily the high transaction speed, direct confirmation and settlement of payments, as well as the marginal transaction fees and a high degree of scalability. As a result, applications with very small payment amounts (“nano-payments”) and a high number of transactions can be achieved in a technically efficient manner. [Read more at etonec]

Digitalization, financial knowledge and financial decisions

La Banca d’Italia published a survey-based paper that analyzed the relationship between digitalization, financial knowledge and financial decisions. It found that digital skills are a useful complement to financial skills in monitoring expenses and therefore to saving money. Moreover, such skills are also related to a more favorable attitude towards digital finance. With the same level of financial knowledge, digital skills do not however affect investment decisions. Finally, there is a significant gender gap, at the expenses of women, in terms of both digital skills and financial knowledge. [Read more at Banca d’Italia]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221219)

The relative benefits and risks of stablecoins as a means of payment

The Bank of Canada published a paper on the utility of stablecoins for retail payments. It finds that certain stablecoin arrangements offer end users greater control of their privacy, facilitate more rapid innovation and have the potential to increase transaction speeds, particularly for cross-border payments. At the same time, stablecoins may provide less consumer protection for fraud, present higher risks to the payment system and to efforts to combat financial crime, and be costlier relative to traditional payment arrangements. The paper’s findings suggest that stablecoin arrangements do not currently serve as substitutes for the suite of traditional payment arrangements but instead address niche use cases or user segments that value their benefits and can accept their risks or costs. [Read more at the Bank of Canada]

The stable in stablecoins

The US Federal Reserve Board (FRB) published a note that describes the general lifecycle of a stablecoin from its issuance to its redemption. It then categorizes various stabilization mechanisms and discuss how they work in practice. A key observation is that, although several stablecoins may peg their value to the same real-world asset, stabilization mechanisms can vary greatly in terms of maintaining stability with the reference asset, and so may have varying susceptibilities to the risk of runs from the stablecoin to the reference asset. [Read more at the FRB]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221218)

Kazakhstan central bank recommends a phased CBDC rollout between 2023-25

The National Bank of Kazakhstan (NBK) and the Payment and Financial Technology Development Center of the Bank of Kazakhstan (NBK) published a report on the results of the study on the need to introduce the digital tenge. It is reportedly recommending making the central bank digital currency (CBDC) available as early as 2023 with a phased expansion of functionality and introduction into commercial operation until the end of 2025. Unfortunately the report won’t be available in English until later this week, at which point I’ll be able to verify some of the facts and plans. For example, the report is saying that a pilot was just wrapped up, but it’s unclear whether it’s a pilot of proof of concept, since I don’t know the composition of the test users. If they’re pulled from the general public, it is a pilot, but if the test subjects are limited to central bank staff, it’s a proof of concept by my taxonomy. [Download the report here]

How to design a compliant, privacy-preserving fiat stablecoin via zero-knowledge proofs

etonec published a paper co-written by my good friend and frequent collaborator Jonas Gross that explores the feasibility of a (fiat) stablecoin that provides similar privacy guarantees to cash while enforcing compliance with anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism regulation. The concept enables cash-like private digital stablecoin transactions up to specific monetary limits. If these monetary limits are reached, transactions are conducted in a less private way, e.g., fully transparently on a blockchain or via including third parties that approve the transaction. High privacy guarantees and compliance with limits are ensured in a trustless way via the use of cryptographic zero-knowledge proofs. To effectively implement turnover limits, the concept relies on the availability of a unique digital ID available to all participants of the stablecoin system. Payments by one person can then be mapped to one ID and summed up. This summing up is necessary to ensure that a participant can only open one private stablecoin account. Yet, only the owner of a unique digital ID and the corresponding account can do this mapping. [Read more at etonec]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221217)

Brazil central bank plans to launch a CBDC in 2024

President Roberto Campos Neto said that the Banco Central do Brasil (BCB) plans to introduce a central bank digital currency (CBDC) by 2024. The central bank will conduct proof of concept work with some financial institutions before launching a full-blown pilot. [Download the BCB presentation here

Basel Committee finalizes policy suggesting 2% bitcoin cap for banks

The BIS Basel Committee on Banking Supervision has finalized a proposed policy that would place a 2% limit on banks’ Tier 1 capital held in bitcoin and other “Group 2” crypto-assets. Tier 1 capital is the core capital held in a bank’s reserves that is used to fund business activities for the bank’s clients. It includes common stock, as well as disclosed reserves and certain other assets. Group 1 crypto-assets include tokenised traditional assets (Group 1a) and crypto-assets with effective stabilization mechanisms (Group 1b). Group 1 crypto-assets are subject to capital requirements based on the risk weights of underlying exposures as set out in the existing Basel Framework. Group 2 crypto-assets are those that fail to meet any of the Group 1 classification conditions. [Read more at the BIS]

Why the UN is sending war-torn people In Ukraine aid in stablecoins

Through a new blockchain-based humanitarian program, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) will send cryptocurrency to Ukrainians displaced by Russia’s atrocities. Stellar Development Foundation has partnered with UNHCR to deliver USD Coin (USDC) to Stellar’s Vibrant digital wallets of eligible applicants. The relief beneficiaries can then convert the USDC into the currency of their choice at at MoneyGram outlets, of which there are 4,500 in Ukraine. The program’s developers hope that this will allow refugees to get aid more easily, regardless of whether or not they have access to a bank account. [Read more at Bitcoinist]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]