Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221201)

ECB: The end is nigh for Bitcoin, “rarely used for legal transactions”

The European Central Bank (ECB) has published a blog post that predicts the demise of Bitcoin. Authored by Ulrich Bindseil and Jürgen Schaaf, entitled “Bitcoin’s Last Stand,” the article claims that Bitcoin is in its “last gasp before the road to irrelevance.” Noting that Bitcoin is rarely used real-world transactions, the authors hammer Bitcoin as “cumbersome, slow and expensive,” adding that “the market valuation of Bitcoin is therefore based purely on speculation.” It sounds like someone woke up on the wrong side of the bed! [Read more at the ECB]

Ensuring adoption of central bank digital currencies – An easy task or a Gordian knot?

The ECB published a paper that surveys the key elements involved in the adoption of new means of payment and discusses failed and ongoing initiatives with public digital money. It concludes that ensuring the desired level of adoption of retail central bank digital currency (CBDC) may impose significant constraints on central bank design choices and policy goals. In fact, in some settings, central banks may find themselves on the horns of a dilemma in seeking to balance the needs to (i) preserve the central bank’s hierarchy of policy goals, (ii) increase the chances of adoption and use of CBDCs by consumers and retailers, and (iii) avoid adverse economic effects. [Read more at the ECB]

The 3rd CCAF global Fintech regulator survey

The Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance {CCAF} published its third global fintech regulator survey. It aims to understand the extent to which policymakers continue to be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic as we move away from the crisis. The survey provides insights into the types of consumer risks that have emerged because of the pandemic and the impact of such risks on policy objectives. It also explores the important role of IT systems and infrastructures in supporting oversight and supervision across fintech verticals. [Read more at the CCAF]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221130)

Project Garuda: Navigating the architecture Of digital rupiah

Bank Indonesia issued a white paper on the high-level design considerations of a Digital Rupiah central bank digital currency (CBDC). Key drivers for this so-called “Project Garuda” include strengthening Bank Indonesia’s role in the international stage, and accelerating integration of the national digital economy and finance. There will be three phases, each starting with public consultations, followed by technological experimentation, and concluding with policy stance review. [Read more at Bank Indonesia]

Digital Dollar could streamline settlements, DTCC says

A digital dollar could streamline settlements to make post-trade financial markets more efficient, according to a report published by the Depository Trust & Clearing Corp. A CBDC could help speed up settlement, in part by automating reports the DTCC must send to the Federal Reserve. It cited evidence that distributed-ledger technology (DLT) could save billions of dollars per year by simplifying how trades are confirmed and reconciled. [Read more at FinExtra]

The Banque de France and the Banque Centrale du Luxembourg jointly conducted a successful wholesale CBDC initiative

The European Investment Bank (EIB) launched Project Venus, their second euro-denominated digitally native bond issue and first using private blockchain technology. The €100 million, two-year bond was issued, recorded and settled using private blockchain-based technology on Goldman Sachs’ GS DAPTM tokenization platform. Although investors purchased and paid for the security tokens using traditional currency, the transactions were settled in wholesale CBDC issued by the Banque de France and the Banque Centrale du Luxembourg. Société Générale Security Securities Services (SGSS Luxembourg) provided on-chain custodian services. [Read more at the EIB]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221129)

India to Start Retail CBDC Pilot in Four Cities With Four Banks

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will start pilot testing its digital rupee retail central bank digital currency (CBDC), on December 1, 2022 in Mumbai, New Delhi, Bengaluru and Bhubaneswar with the initial participation of four banks: State Bank of India, ICICI Bank, Yes Bank and IDFC First Bank, later extending to nine more cities and another four institutions. The pilot will be conducted in a closed user group of participating customers and merchants. The CBDC will be issued in the same denominations currently used for notes and coins. Payments to merchants will be made using QR codes and, like cash, the digital rupee will not earn any interest. [Read more at the RBI]

National Bank of Ukraine releases draft concept for digital hryvnia

The National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) presented a draft concept for its potential e-hryvnia CBDC. It considers three design options. The first would be a retail CBDC with smart contract functionality to implement targeted government (G2P) payments. The second option envisions what sounds like a wholesale e-hryvnia for usage in operations related to virtual asset operations, including on crypto exchanges. The third option include cross-border payments functionality, although it’s not clear that this is being looked at at the retail or wholesale level. [Read more at the NBU]

Stablecoins and their risks to financial stability

The Bank of Canada [BoC] published a paper on the risks stablecoins could pose to the financial system. It argues that the stabilization mechanisms of stablecoins give rise to the risk of confidence runs, which can propagate to broader crypto-asset markets and the traditional financial sector. It also argues that stablecoins can contribute to financial stability risks by facilitating the buildup of leverage and liquidity mismatch in decentralized finance (DeFi). Such risks cannot be addressed by ensuring the price stability of stablecoins alone. Finally, it explores the potential implications of stablecoins for the current system of bank-intermediated credit and for monetary policy. [Read more at the BoC]

Brazil’s central bank to release Pix’s protocols to other countries for free

The President of Banco Central do Brasil (BCB), Roberto Campos Neto, reportedly said that the central bank would release Pix’s technology to other countries. Launched by the BCB in 2020, Pix allows for instant, free, and immediate payments, and as of July 2022, more than 478 million passwords were registered on Pix. This system has been widely adopted in the country due to its simplicity and 24/7 availability. [Read more at LatamList]

President of Bank of Brazil Shows ‘Open Finance’ Digital Real Concept Featuring Stablecoin Integration and Payments Functionality

Mr. Neto also reportedly introduced some novel ideas that the central bank has for a possible CBDC, including the integration of the digital real with traditional and decentralized financial structures and institutions. He also showed off a “super app” that will allow customers to hold stablecoins and the CBDC, and showcased the connection the system will have with the already available PIX payments network. [Read more at Bitcoin.com]

BlockFi files for bankruptcy protection, set to sue Sam Bankman-Fried over collateral

Crypto lender BlockFi and eight affiliates filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the U.S. district of New Jersey on Monday, the latest casualty in the implosion of the FTX cryptocurrency exchange this month. BlockFi owes more than $1 billion to its three biggest creditors, the largest being Ankura Trust Company, followed by FTX US, and an undisclosed company. BlockFi has $256.9 million in cash on hand, which is expected to provide sufficient liquidity to support certain operations during the restructuring process,” according to the filing. [Read more at Forkast News]

JPMorgan, Other Banks in Talks to Reimburse Scammed Zelle Customers

US banks are reportedly exploring ways to get consumers to trust the fast payments system Zelle, which is jointly owned by several financial institutions, by standardizing the refund procedure. They are discussing a “playbook” on how to refund customers and each other for illegitimate transfers. While Zelle operator Early Warning Services maintains fraud and scam claims make-up less than 0.1% of payments, scammers often use Zelle to trick users into sending them money “under the guise of customer support.” Banks are required to refund customers for transactions they didn’t authorize, but there is no such protection for customers who are duped into sending money.  [Read more at the Wall Street Journal]

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221128)

Envisioning the Future of Payments

There’s not much that’s new on the Bank of Japan’s (BoJ’s) central bank digital currency (CBDC) plans in this speech by Executive Director Uchida Shinichi, but I’m posting it anyways to debunk continuing stories about the BoJ abandoning its CBDC project. The fake news seems to go back to an article in The Paypers that misinterprets the BoJ May progress report, which opened with “the BOJ currently has no plans to issue CBDC” but made it clear that it would continue to undertake technical experiments to be prepared if plans change. Mr. Shinichi reiterated this stance: Whether or not a CBDC should be issued would be a judgment by the people [and] considering the lead time for investment, the day will come when a decision needs to be made… [so] the Bank will proceed with its technical experiments to test the feasibility of CBDCs and explorations into institutional arrangements so as to support such decision making.” [Read the speech at the BoJ]

TCH White Paper Outlines Legal Authority for US Insured Depository Institutions to Issue and Provide Stablecoin-related Activities, including Digitized Deposits

The Clearing House (TCH) published a paper that analyzes US insured depository institutions legal authority to issue stablecoins and engage in stablecoin-related activities. It finds that, in 2020 and 2021, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) gave national banks the clear legal authority to issue and exchange stablecoins, based on language in the National Bank Act, and consistent with numerous legal decisions and regulatory determinations regarding a bank’s authority to issue payments and deposit instruments. National banks have always been permitted to develop innovative deposit and payment mechanisms, as receiving deposits and acting as financial intermediaries are core functions of banks. [Read more at the TCH]

Custodia Bank Wins Important Digital Asset Decision

US Law firm Davis Wright Tremaine LLP (DWT) published a report on Wyoming’s Custodia Bank’s successful complaint regarding the Federal Reserve’s tardy response to the bank’s application for a Master Account. DWT represented Custodia in the legal action, and they believe We believe this is the first case in which claims seeking to compel the grant of a master account have proceeded beyond the motion to dismiss stage. I reported on this some weeks ago but with little of the detail included here. I am quite surprised at the crypto press hasn’t picked up on this important news, but I guess they prefer their stories spoon fed to them. [Read more at DWT]

Digital Euro Association Digital Money Academy

I will be discussing global central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments at the Digital Euro Association’s Digital Money Academy tomorrow. If you want to get into CBDCs, register for the Academy here!

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221127)

Hedging sanctions risk: Cryptocurrency in central bank reserves

A paper by the Harvard University’s Matthew Ferranti explores the potential for Bitcoin to serve as an alternative central bank reserve currency asset to ex-ante hedge against the risk of financial sanctions. It uses a dynamic Bayesian copula model to simulate the joint returns of Bitcoin and other reserve assets under a wide range of plausible sanctions probabilities. Assuming mean-variance preferences, a modest risk of sanctions significantly increases optimal gold and Bitcoin allocations. If a central bank cannot acquire sufficient physical gold to hedge its sanctions risk, the optimal Bitcoin share rises further, suggesting that gold and Bitcoin are imperfect substitutes. It concludes that sanctions risk may diminish the appeal of US Treasuries, propel broader diversification in central bank reserves, and bolster the long-run fundamental value of both cryptocurrency and gold. [Download the paper on Matthew Ferranti’s website]

How crypto goes to zero

A recent Economist article goes through the most likely path towards zero crypto – basically ending at the point where no one is using it. It rejects the attack-and-shut-down the major crypto-assets because that would essentially involve gaining 51% control of the computational power or value of tokens staked to verify transactions, which would be extraordinarily expensive, even at today’s depressed prices. The more likely scenario, according to the article, is the collapse and generally a massive loss in faith in the exchanges and decentralized finance (DeFi) lending protocols. This could lead to further collapses of crypto prices, making 51% attacks more feasible, triggering a self-reinforcing crash as confidence in the protocols tanks. [Read more at the Economist]

Digital Euro Association Digital Money Academy

I will be discussing global central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments at the Digital Euro Association’s Digital Money Academy on November 29. If you want to get into CBDCs, register for the Academy here!

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221126)

An examination of first-mover advantage for a CBDC

The US Fed published a paper that explores whether there could be a first-mover advantage for a jurisdiction issuing a central bank digital currency (CBDC) compared to other jurisdictions that subsequently issue their own CBDC. The academic literature provides a framework by which one can assess a CBDC in the domestic payments market, the international payments market, and the technology markets that support payments. However, a CBDC may be more than just a means of payment and thus first-mover advantage is examined for both the asset component of reserve currency and a future financial system built on CBDCs. Overall, the first mover literature does not suggest that there is a compelling first-mover advantage for issuing a CBDC. [Read more at the Fed]

Central should banks consider backing stablecoins instead of launching CBDCs

According to the New York Fed’s Antoine Martin, “instead of issuing a retail CBDC, central banks could support stablecoins by allowing them to be backed one-for-one with balances in a central bank account. They could also facilitate a bankruptcy remote legal structure to ensure that end-users are paid in full even if the issuer becomes bankrupt. Such stablecoins could be a close substitute for central bank digital money, while balances in a central bank account are risk free and could earn interest. Though stablecoin issuers should be subject to some oversight in exchange for access to a central bank account.” [Read more at Finance Feeds]

Crunchfish Digital Cash in CBDC evaluation with the Central Bank of Nigeria

Crunchfish and the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) have entered into a Development and Demonstration Agreement for a proof-of-concept of Crunchfish Digital Cash. Crunchfish will deliver Digital Cash for iOS and Android and support CBN throughout this process. The proof-of-concept will integrate Digital Cash into the eNaira wallet and backend to fully evaluate the user experience in a potential commercial deployment. [Read more at Crunchfish]

Digital Euro Association Digital Money Academy

I will be discussing global central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments at the Digital Euro Association’s Digital Money Academy on November 29. If you want to get into CBDCs, register for the Academy here!

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221124)

Central bank digital currencies in Africa

The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) published a paper that analyses the development, motivations and concerns of central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) in Africa. While all of those surveyed are analyzing CBDCs, only few have projects at advanced stages (pilot or live). Some countries, in particular in East and West Africa, stand out as promoting fast payment systems through mobile money, but half of the surveyed central banks think that CBDCs can provide a superior solution. A key motivation for African central banks is achieving greater payment system efficiency. In addition, a higher proportion than in other regions see potential benefits for monetary policy, an important consideration for a region where the transmission mechanism is weak. Central banks in Africa also place more emphasis on financial inclusion. At the same time, they are more worried than other regions about cyber security risks and cross-border spillovers and are also concerned about high operational burdens.

And speaking of high operational burdens,  only just over 40% of respondents favored a two-tier business model, with the central bank at the core, but private agents (banks and payment service providers) interacting with users (e.g., performing customer onboarding, including KYC/AML functions). Almost all central bank CBDC explorers I follow have dismissed the direct model in which the central bank does all of the “donkey work”. However, it should be noted that almost all of the other 60% or so of respondents were simply undecided about the business model at this point. The preference for a two-tier model is strongest among central banks for which financial disintermediation is a top concern. Bringing banks – and other PSPs – on board would encourage them to accept CBDCs. A two-tier model would facilitate collaboration and potentially draw on synergies with the private sector. [Read more at the BIS]

OXT Research provides proof of reserves for Grayscale

OXT Research has taken steps to confirm Grayscale’s self-reported Bitcoin (BTC) holdings that back its GBTC closed-end fund, based on public data and blockchain forensics. It confirmed that the approximate balance of 633,000 BTC held was held at Coinbase Custody, to conclude that Grayscale’s self-reporting is credible. OXT Research speculates that Grayscale might not want to disclose their addresses is that they want to avoid providing information about who their most used counterparties are, which could be its parent (DCG) and Genesis Trading, which is teetering on the edge of bankruptcy. [Read more at Bitcoinist]

Africa’s growing crypto market needs better regulations

The IMF published a blog on African countries’ approaches to regulating crypto-assets, finding that only one-quarter of countries in sub-Saharan Africa formally regulate crypto. However, two-thirds have implemented some restrictions and six countries—Cameroon, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, and the Republic of Congo—have banned crypto. Zimbabwe has ordered all banks to stop processing transactions and Liberia directed a local crypto startup to cease operations (implicit bans). The blog also warned that public finances could be put at risk if crypto-assets are adopted as legal tender, as the Central African Republic recently did. [Read more at the IMF]

Here’s how far Fintech funding has fallen

According to Crunchbase, last year, financial services was the leading sector for venture investment, with at least $131 billion globally going into startups in the space. This year, the industry still ranks among the largest recipients of venture capital funding. However, investment to startups in the space has been dropping every quarter this year, with Q4 likely to be the lowest yet. Even with the steep year-over-year decline, financial services funding is still high by historical standards, and 2022 is on track to deliver the second-highest funding total of the past five years. [Read more at Crunchbase]

Digital Euro Association Digital Money Academy

I will be discussing global central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments at the Digital Euro Association’s Digital Money Academy on November 29. If you want to get into CBDCs, register for the Academy here!

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221123)

For those interested in following the details of the trials and tribulations around the FTX exchange collapse, I’m collecting my favorite articles here on my Diigo social bookmarking page

BOJ eyes pilot experiments next year to issue digital yen

The Bank of Japan (BOJ) will reportedly begin preparations to conduct a retail central bank digital currency (CBDC) pilot next Spring (2023) year. According to Nikkei Asia, “after spending two years verifying whether there are any problems with bank account deposits and withdrawals, the BOJ will decide whether to go ahead with a digital yen in 2026.” However, it’s not clear yet whether this is a “pilot” (testing in the “wild” with real live users) or a proof of concept (tested among financial institutions in a “laboratory” setting). [Read more on Reuters]

Let’s Stop Regulating Crypto Exchanges Like Western Union

US-based cryptocurrency exchanges including Coinbase, FTX US, and Binance.US are overseen on a state-by-state basis as money transmitters. MoneyGram, PayPal and Western are regulated as money transmitters, and starting in the 2010s, crypto exchanges were subsumed under it.  Money transmitter laws are known for lax security requirements, slim capital requirements, an insufficient “ring fencing” of customer funds in the case of bankruptcy and an overly permissive list of investments to which transmitters can deploy their customers’ funds. Isn’t it about time that crypto exchanges were put under SEC or CFTC oversight? [Read more on Coin Desk]

An assessment of the volatility spillover from crypto to traditional financial assets: the role of asset-backed stablecoins

The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) published a paper on volatility spillover from asset-backed stablecoins to money market instruments. Stablecoins bear liquidity mismatch risks similar to money market funds, which may expose them to a fire-sale of reserve assets in times of crypto ecosystem instability and in turn increase the volatility of these reserve assets. It finds that, in extreme circumstances, these fire-sales could have material impacts on the traditional financial system such as the money market. The paper proposes regulations that require stablecoin issuers to provide standardized and regular disclosures of their reserve assets holdings, and possibly imposing restrictions on the composition of reserve assets and requiring well- defined redemption rights. [Read more at the HKMA]

Bank of America To Partner With Ripple for ODL Services After XRP Lawsuit Finishes: Report

Bank of America is reportedly waiting for the end of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) court case against Ripple to use the firm’s on-demand liquidity (ODL) products. Ripple’s ODL solution uses the XRP to enable faster and cheaper cross-border payments without the need for pre-funded destination accounts. [Read more at the Daily Hodler]

Digital Euro Association Digital Money Academy

I will be discussing global central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments at the Digital Euro Association’s Digital Money Academy on November 29. If you want to get into CBDCs, register for the Academy here!

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221122)

For those interested in following the details of the trials and tribulations around the FTX exchange collapse, I’m collecting my favorite articles here on my Diigo social bookmarking page. Meanwhile, here are a couple that surfaced today.

Crypto brokerage Genesis Is said to warn of bankruptcy without funding

Digital-asset brokerage Genesis is struggling to raise fresh cash for its lending unit, and it’s warning potential investors that it may need to file for bankruptcy if its efforts fail. The rush for funding was precipitated by a liquidity crunch at the lender after the sudden collapse of FTX, Genesis halted redemptions shortly after revealing on November 10 that it had $175 million locked in an FTX trading account. [Read more at Bloomberg]

CoinMarketCap launches proof-of-reserve tracker for crypto exchanges

CoinMarketCap launched a proof of reserves (PoR) tracker that details the total assets of the most active crypto-asset exchanges, and their affiliated public wallet addresses, along with the balances, current price and values of the wallets, updated every 5 minutes. [Read more on Coin Telegraph]

Central Bank Digital Currency: Assessing the Risks and Dispelling the Myths

For fans of “straw man” arguments, the Cato Institute published a digital dollar takedown. Most of the report is actually quite good, and I agree with most of the things the authors say about the dubious case for a US Fed-issued central bank digital currency (CBDC). But starting on page 7, they go down the privacy/control rabbit hole by assuming that a digital dollar will be designed as a control/surveillance coin, completely ignoring the possibility that it could be designed to offer the same privacy and user control as physical cash (see my IMF F&D article here). Rather than completely diss CBDC, they could have made their paper a call for action to insist that at least one layer of the digital dollar offer complete offline usability and privacy, or lend support to the ECash Act. [Anyways, you can download the paper at the Cato Institute]

How is the “world’s most advanced central bank digital currency” progressing?

The LSE Business Review published an article by the Center for Evidence-Based Management’s Martin C. W. Walker that reviews the Central Bank of the Bahama’s Sand Dollar CBDC experience. He documents the Sand Dollar’s very low take-up and opines that it was aimed at solving a financial exclusion problem that was not really a major problem, and it didn’t do it very well. Also there did not seem to be an objective evaluation of alternatives solutions, such as encouraging greater use of bank issued debit cards and more efforts to educate the older generation in the use of electronic payments. [Read more on the LSE Business Review]

Digital Euro Association Digital Money Academy

I will be discussing global central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments at the Digital Euro Association’s Digital Money Academy on November 29. If you want to get into CBDCs, register for the Academy here!

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]

Kiffmeister’s #Fintech Daily Digest (20221121)

Grayscale refuses to share proof of reserves due to ‘security concerns’ as shares trade at a 45% discount to bitcoin

As I mentioned yesterday, the market value of Grayscale’s $10.5 billion Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) is trading at record low discounts to the price of Bitcoin (BTC). Grayscale has now said that it won’t share its proof of reserves with customers “due to security concerns.” Grayscale said each of its digital asset products is set up as a “separate legal entity” and reiterated that those digital asset products are “stored under the custody of Coinbase Custody Trust Company that the “laws, regulations, and documents that define Grayscale’s digital asset products prohibit the digital assets underlying the products from being lent, borrowed, or otherwise encumbered.”

Digital Currency Group (DGC) is the parent company of Grayscale, and Genesis. Last week, the lending arm of Genesis Global Trading paused new loan originations and redemptions. The lending arm of the bank serves an institutional client base and is known as Genesis Global Capital. At the end of its third quarter, it had more than $2.8 billion in total active loans. Peter Tchir speculates that some unwinding of the GBTC trusts could be worth exploring, but James Seyffart poured through the GBTC documentation and found language that makes it very difficult, plus it generates good fees for DGC which likely needs it badly. [Read more at CNBC]

Thailand and Vietnam launch QR payment linkage

The State Bank of Vietnam (SBV) and the Bank of Thailand (BOT) have launched a joint QR payment service as an alternative means of cross-border payments between the two countries, first announced in March 2021. The central banks in ASEAN have been actively working towards achieving true payment connectivity in the region. Most recently, Bank Indonesia, Bank Negara Malaysia, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, Monetary Authority of Singapore, and BOT had inked a MoU for cross border payments. [Read more at the SBV]

Easier said than done: why Italians pay in cash while preferring cashless

The Banca d’Italia published a paper that, based on data from a 2019 ECB survey of consumers, studies the determinants of Italian consumers’ payment choices at the physical point of sale (POS). The study also assesses the reasons why consumers mainly use cash for their payments although they would prefer to use other instruments, such as cards. The acceptance of cashless instruments at the point of sale and the value of the transaction are the main factors influencing payment choice. Men and residents in Northern and Central Italy pay with cards more than women and residents in Southern Italy, but these gaps narrow among people with digital skills. Consumers pay in cash, even though they would prefer to use a different payment instrument, due to a lack of acceptance of cashless instruments by merchants. [Read more at the Banca d’Italia]

Digital Euro Association Digital Money Academy

I will be discussing global central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments at the Digital Euro Association’s Digital Money Academy on November 29. If you want to get into CBDCs, register for the Academy here!

Kiffmeister’s Global Central Bank Digital Currency Monthly Monitor

Just a reminder that I produce a monthly digest of central bank digital currency (CBDC) developments exclusively for the official sector. So for any of you out there who work for a central bank, ministry of finance or international financial institution who would like to receive it by email on the first business day of every month, please DM me on LinkedIn or email me at chronicles@kiffmeister.com.

Satoshi Capital Advisors is a New York-based, global advisory firm that works with central banks, governments, and the private sector to architect, implement, and operate varying initiatives. Satoshi Capital Advisors’ central bank work revolves around CBDC architecture and implementation, providing advisory services from research phase through to growth phase. Utilizing a product-market fit and technology agnostic approach to CBDC architecture and implementation enables Satoshi Capital Advisors to build tailored solutions, bespoke to local financial system nuances. Satoshi Capital Advisors welcomes requests from central bank officials for virtual and in-person CBDC workshops. [Click here for more information]

WhisperCash offers the first fully offline digital currency platform that has the same properties as physical cash. It can perform secure consecutive offline payments without compromising on security, privacy or accessibility. WhisperCash allows direct person to person offline payments without any server infrastructure or internet connectivity. It comes in various form factors including the self-contained credit card-sized “Pro” that sports an eInk screen and capacitive keyboard, and lasts for two weeks between recharges assuming a few transactions per day. [Click here for more information]