“As a new technology, stablecoins are largely untested, especially on the scale required to run a global payment system,” said Mr Cœuré. “They give rise to a number of serious risks related to public policy priorities. The bar for regulatory approval will be high.”
A series of PBoC rulings in 2017 and 2018 have stopped bigtech payment operators profiting from interest income earned by depositing customers’ surplus payment funds. Instead, surplus payment funds now need to be placed with the PBoC and secure no interest in return – it had previously mandated that only certain percentages needed to be held with the central bank. The PBoC asked payment companies to deposit 100% of customer funds with the central bank by January 2019.
This BIS paper argues that asset tokenisation and underlying distributed ledger technology (DLT) open up new ways of supervising financial risks. It then puts the case for “embedded supervision”, ie a framework that allows compliance with regulatory goals to be automatically monitored by reading the market’s ledger, thus reducing the need for firms to actively collect, verify and deliver data.
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The Kiffmeister is a former Senior Financial Sector Expert at the International Monetary Fund.
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