Kiffmeister’s Fintech Daily Digest 03/01/2020

  • “Central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) promise to provide cash-like safety and convenience for peer-to-peer payments. To do so, they must be resilient and accessible. They should also safeguard the user’s privacy, while allowing for effective law enforcement. Different technical designs satisfy these attributes to varying degrees, depending on whether they feature intermediaries, a conventional or distributed infrastructure, account- or token-based access, and retail interlinkages across borders. We set out the underlying trade-offs and the related hierarchy of design choices.” 
  • “Innovative technologies, such as distributed ledgers, allow securities to be issued or represented in a new form known as digital tokens. Such “tokenisation” of securities will alter post-trade clearing and settlement, and could improve efficiency in some dimensions. But the fundamental trade-offs involving credit risk and liquidity remain in a tokenised world. To succeed, tokens will need to interoperate with account-based systems, at least in the interim.”
  • “Cross-border and multicurrency payment systems have the potential to make cross-border payments faster, cheaper and more transparent. A simple taxonomy reviews the different designs and functionality of existing systems. Such systems remain rare, and most handle small volumes and values. However, a number of new projects will go live in the next few years.”
  • “Technological innovation is transforming payments. Domestic payments are increasingly convenient, instantaneous and available 24/7. However, shortcomings in access to payments and cross-border payments remain. Lack of access to payments is a problem in some emerging market and developing economies. Improving cross-border payments will require international coordination. Initiatives to improve cross-border payments would benefit from better data to quantify both the extent and the drivers of the problems.”
  • This paper presents a methodology to build a stablecoin pegged to a basket of major currencies (“librae”) with stability maximizing weights. It shows that such a stablecoin is less volatile than any single-currency-pegged stablecoins.
  • This paper presents a survey of selected DLT-based wholesale central bank digital currency experiments with completed proof-of-concepts to enable the understanding of the practices, motivations and technologies for W-CBDC experiments.
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